Whether the constitution of the united states represented an improvement upon the earlier articles of confederation depended entirely upon one's perspective as students of american history know. Articles of confederation: the articles of confederation, formally the articles of confederation and perpetual union, was an agreement among the thirteen founding states that established the united states of america as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution. History the articles of confederation, the united states' first constitution, was written during a time when the american people feared strong national governmentsthe new nation needed some kind.
The constitution of the united states of america is the supreme law of the united states empowered with the sovereign authority of the people by the framers and the consent of the legislatures of. Their conscious design to enforce this separation of functions was carefully explained in the federalist papers and during the debates over ratification of the united states constitution the. In 1791, this same prohibition became the central component of the eighth amendment to the united states constitution when the united states constitution was first ratified by the states, it did not contain a bill of rights, and it did not prohibit cruel and unusual punishments.
The founders made the amendment process difficult because they wanted to lock in the political deals that made ratification of the constitution possible. The united states government under the constitution is tripartite, with executive, legislative, and judiciary branches the congress consists of two houses, the upper designed as a distinguished body, while the lower is more populist and democratic. Originalism assumes that marbury is correct: the constitution is the operating charter granted to government by the people, as per the preamble to the united states constitution, and its written nature introduces a certain discipline into its interpretation. State constitutions the us constitution was actually the 14th such document of the new republic each state had been operating under its own constitution since the revolution, although some were pretty much just the colonial charters without the word king.
The strengths and weaknesses of the american political system essaysidentify and comment on what you see to be the strengths and/or weaknesses of the american system as far as the topics in this section are concerned the constitutional system of the united states is a puzzling aspect of an america. However, because of the three-fifths compromise, the southern states accounted for 47 seats in the house of representatives of the first united states congress of 1790 this would allow for the south to garner enough power at the political level, giving them control in presidential elections. He was a founding father, an author of the federalist papers, the first secretary of the treasury, and the architect of the first fiscal plan for the united states after the ratification of the constitution. “the only presidential democracy with a long history of constitutional continuity is the united states,” linz wrote in 1990 this is quite an uncomfortable form of american exceptionalism. His most amazing political prophecy, contained within the pages of federalist 10, was that the size of the united states and its variety of interests could be made a guarantee of stability and justice under the new constitution.
Alone among modern western democracies, the united states maintained extensive race-based slavery within its borders, and the constitution protected that institution. Our constitution, like the common law of england, is a short statement of fundamental principles that govern behavior it elegantly balances power between the states and the federal government and. Strengths of the constitution weaknesses of the constitution amendments process: change can come to the constitution, but protections are in place to protect it from political whims and mass public hysteria evidence comes in the form of the limited number of amendments since 1787.
The christian science monitor is an international news organization that delivers thoughtful, global coverage via its website, weekly magazine, daily news briefing, and email newsletters. The preamble to the united states constitution is a brief introductory statement of the constitution's fundamental purposes and guiding instead of governing only the states as political units with all their flaws and limitations and ambitions and appetites, could press on through ignorance and superstition, racism and sexism. The first constitution in our nation's history was the us articles of confederation under the us articles of confederation we took baby steps as a nation the government conducted the affairs of the country during the last two years of the revolutionary war, helped to negotiate the treaty of. The united states constitution provides the foundation for a strong central government with authority to regulate interstate disputes and commerce, enforce citizens' rights and defend from hostile forces.